Unauthorised departure from the scene of an accident is punishable by up to three years imprisonment or a fine. If a person suffers an accidental shock, this can be considered a mitigating factor. In addition, the court will mitigate the penalty or may even waive it if the person involved in the accident voluntarily provides identification within twenty-four hours of the accident (Section 142 (4) StGB). However, this only applies to accidents outside of moving traffic, i.e., essentially parking accidents, which exclusively result in non-significant property damage. There is no explicit value limit for this. It is estimated at approximately 1,3000 Euros (cf. OLG Hamm, decision of 30.9.2010, ref.: III 3 RVs 72/10).
In addition, leaving the scene of an accident without permission may result in the driving license revocation (Section 69, paragraphs 1 and 2, no. 3 of the Criminal Code). This applies in particular to the person who knew or could have known that a person had been killed or significantly injured in the accident or that significant damage had been caused to property belonging to others. In addition, the reinstatement of the driving licence may be made dependent on a medical-psychological examination (MPU). A driving ban may be imposed if the driving license is not revoked (§44 StGB).
In addition to the consequences under criminal law, an unauthorised departure from the scene of an accident also regularly has effects under insurance law. For example, the vehicle insurer may be completely exempt from paying benefits, or the benefits may be reduced (§ 28 para. 2 VVG). In the case of moto vehicle liability insurance, however, it must be taken into account that the insurer´s exemption from paying benefits to the policyholder is limited to 2,5000 Euros or 5,000 Euros (§ 6 KfzPflVV).