Citizenship by Marriage and Birth
German citizenship can be gained by birth and by marriage according to German Nationality Act (Staatsangehörigkeitsgesetz -StAG).
German citizenship by birth is provided for under § 4 StAG and although it can appear to be straightforward (“A child acquires German citizenship by birth if one parent possesses German citizenship…”), it can be a complicated process for those living outside of Germany. There are many benefits that come from holding German citizenship but it may result in the child needing to choose between German citizenship and the citizenship of their country of birth. The advantages of German citizenship may not be useful to the individual in their particular case, and therefore, they should consult with experts before making significant decisions. Navigating dual citizenship law is rarely straightforward, as those involved need to consider the laws of Germany and the other country involved. Our German citizenship lawyers will answer all questions on this matter.
German citizenship for spouses is provided for under § 9 StAG. Under this provision, spouses or registered civil partners of German citizens are eligible for German citizenship after three years of legal residence in Germany. To apply for this form of German citizenship by residence, the spouse must have been married or in a registered partnership for at least two years at the time of application. It should be noted that requirements from here are similar to German citizenship by residency.