Extended Rights to German Citizenship
On 24 June 2021, the German Bundestag approved a far-reaching amendment to the citizenship law, thus creating the basis for some facilitations in the naturalisation of descendants of married German mothers and foreign fathers, unmarried German fathers, as well as mothers who lost German citizenship by marriage before 01 April 1953. Previously, these could only be naturalised if they provided proof of ties to Germany and corresponding language skills. However, most of these restrictions have now been removed.
The new changes to the German law on citizenship by descent will extend the rights of those seeking German citizenship by descent. After the new law comes into force, children and other descendants of German citizens will be granted a ten-year right of declaration to acquire German citizenship if this could not be acquired at birth.
In the following circumstances, German nationality was not automatically acquired by birth:
- A child was born following the marriage of a German woman to a foreign man before 1 April 1953; in this situation, the mother automatically lost her German nationality.
- A child was born following a German woman marrying a foreign man before 1 January 1975.
- Where a child was born before 1st July 1993 in a situation where the father was a German citizen but was not married to the foreign mother on the day of birth.
As early as 1975, the German legislator granted these children the possibility to become German citizens by declaration. If they did not make use of this possibility, they could initially no longer acquire German citizenship.
Since 2012, it has been possible to apply for naturalisation if one parent is a German citizen and one did not automatically become a German citizen by birth. However, a close connection to Germany has been required for this. “A close connection” in this case refers to regular visits to Germany, relatives living in Germany or attendance at German schools abroad. In addition, the applicant has had to prove that they have a command of the German language at level B1 of the European Framework of Languages.
The new law, however, makes naturalisation much easier in these cases:
No more Discretionary Naturalisation
All persons born after the entry into force of the German Constitution (i.e. after 24 May 1949) have a right to naturalisation. In the following, we list the persons who are entitled to declare their nationality in accordance with § 5 German Nationality Act (StAG):
- Children born in wedlock to German mothers and foreign fathers before 1 January 1975,
- Children born out of wedlock to German fathers and foreign mothers born before 1 July 1993 (only after effective recognition of paternity or its establishment according to German laws, submission of the declaration of recognition or initiation of the establishment procedure before the child concerned reaches the age of 23),
- Children of a mother who had automatically lost her German nationality before the birth of the child by marrying a foreigner,
- Children who lost their German nationality acquired by birth through legitimation effected by a foreigner and effective under German law, and
- the descendants of all the children listed above.
Time Limit for German Citizenship
The right to naturalisation for all the above-mentioned persons exists for 10 years from the day the new law comes into force. Therefore, the period ends on August 19th, 2031.
“Close Ties to Germany”: No Longer Required
Close ties to Germany are no longer required. If it can be proven that fall under one of the above-mentioned groups of persons, you no longer have to prove that you still have relatives in Germany, for example, or that you have been a regular visitor or attended a German school abroad.
No German Language Skills Requirement
One of the biggest stumbling blocks for people acquiring German citizenship by descent was the necessity to demonstrate German language skills. However, with the introduction of the new law, there is no longer a necessity for such applicants to prove they have German language skills.
Who is Not Eligible for German Citizenship?
However, according to the new regulations, you are no longer eligible for naturalisation if you possessed German citizenship after your birth but then gave it up again or lost it in some other way. However, if you lost your German citizenship due to National Socialist persecution, we recommend our article “Persecution under National Socialism: Facilitated Naturalisation”. There, we explain the conditions under which reparation naturalisation can be granted.
Full-Service Law Firm: Successful Applications for German Citizenship by Descent
Do you fall under one of the above-mentioned groups of persons and would like to know whether you are entitled to naturalisation? Please fill out our interactive questionnaire, and we will get back to you. You can find our questionnaire here.
We will be happy to assist you throughout the naturalisation process, especially in communicating with the relevant German authorities. Experience shows that it can take a while to obtain the necessary documents. When applying for German citizenship by descent, it is important to be able to prove your family connection to your German ancestors with appropriate documents. Keep this in mind and put the documents aside.
At Schlun & Elseven Rechtsanwälte, we are a full-service law firm with offices in Cologne, Aachen and Düsseldorf and have further facilities in Munich, Berlin, Frankfurt, Stuttgart and Hamburg. We advise clients worldwide on German immigration law. Our team of lawyers in migration law will be happy to assist you with the naturalisation process. Contact us today to start working with our experts.