Especially since the decision in 2010 to hold the 2022 World Cup in Qatar, the country has increasingly come under negative public scrutiny. The most frequent topic of discussion is the poor working conditions. According to media reports, several thousand workers have died while working on the football stadiums.
If the person concerned is threatened with death for his actions in the requesting state, extradition can only occur if an assurance is given that the death penalty will at least not be carried out, Section 8 IRG.
Qatar imposes the death penalty for some crimes. This is carried out by an execution squad. According to official reports, the last execution was carried out in 2020.
Torture and inhuman and degrading treatment preclude extradition from Germany under Article 3 ECHR.
There are no reports of torture or other ill-treatment in the prisons. According to Freedom House, Qatari prison conditions meet international standards. However, various acts are punished in Qatar by flogging, which is considered inhuman treatment.
Civil and women’s rights:
Qatar is an Islamic country that punishes public criticism of religion and religious renunciation. Freedom of religion is, therefore, non-existent. As a result, freedom of expression is also massively restricted. Negative statements about the Emir are just as punishable as those about Islam.
In 2022, two Qatari lawyers were sentenced to life imprisonment for publicly criticising laws ratified by the Emir and calling for rallies on social media.
Homosexuality and extramarital sexual contact are prohibited and can be punished by death under Sharia law. Reporting rape can lead to the victim’s arrest due to extramarital sexual intercourse. The Foreign Office points out that the pregnancy of an unmarried woman can also lead to arrest.
Women are severely disadvantaged, especially in family law. Amnesty International reports that many women are not allowed to leave the house without the permission of their male guardian.