The death penalty is a legal punishment in Saudi Arabia and continues to be carried out as such. Although the number of death sentences carried out is generally decreasing, on the 12th of March 2021, 81 people were executed. The death penalty may be imposed, for example, for possession of narcotics. Homosexuality or extramarital sex can also be punished by beatings or death. The German Foreign Office strongly advises unmarried women not to give birth in Saudi Arabia because of the criminal consequences.
Extraditions may only be carried out if the requesting state guarantees in the individual case that the death penalty will not be imposed or at least not carried out, Section 8 IRG. The fact that Saudi law stipulates that the crime in question is punishable by death does not automatically prevent extradition.
Human and civil rights:
According to the German Foreign Office, human rights in Saudi Arabia apply only subject to their compatibility with Sharia law. The risk of torture or inhuman or degrading treatment, however, precludes extradition from Germany under Article 3 ECHR.
Reports from Amnesty International indicate that prisoners in Saudi Arabia do not receive adequate medical care, and mental impairments are not recognized and treated, or at least not sufficiently. Freedom of expression is very severely restricted in this country. For example, a Saudi Arabian citizen who spoke out on Twitter against the oppression of women was recently sentenced to 34 years in prison.
Furthermore, it is common in Saudi Arabia to impose a ban on leaving the country in addition to a sentence of imprisonment or beating, so that there is always a risk of renewed arbitrary arrest after the release.